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Battle of San Jacinto Gains Texas Independence

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WIKI; "The Battle of San Jacinto, fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Harris County, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston, the Texian Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican army in a fight that lasted just 18 minutes.

Santa Anna, the President of Mexico, was captured the following day and held as a prisoner of war. Three weeks later, he signed the peace treaty that dictated that the Mexican army leave the region, paving the way for the Republic of Texas to become an independent country." 


  After the Fall of the Alamo, Mexican President Santa Ana led Mexican forces in pursuit of the still forming Texian Army. General Sam Houston, the commander, was a former US Army officer and an experienced frontiersman and US politician. Houston was quite aware of the inadequacies of the newly formed Texian Army and retreated east in front of the advancing Mexicans. Finally on 20 April, 1836, Texian scouts reported Santa Ana and his forces camped near a bend of the San Jacinto river near present day city of Houston. General Houston, hearing of the numbers and status of the Mexicans, determined to attack. 


"Not long after the Mexican reinforcements arrived, Houston ordered Smith to destroy Vince's Bridge, 5 mi (8 km) away, to slow down any further Mexican reinforcements.[69] At 4 p.m. the Texians began creeping quietly through the tall grass, pulling the cannon behind them.[70] The Texian cannon fired at 4:30, beginning the battle of San Jacinto.[71] After a single volley, Texians broke ranks and swarmed over the Mexican breastworks to engage in hand-to-hand combat. Mexican soldiers were taken by surprise. Santa Anna, Castrillón, and Almonte yelled often conflicting orders, attempting to organize their men into some form of defense.[72] Within 18 minutes, Mexican soldiers abandoned their campsite and fled for their lives.[73] The killing lasted for hours.[74]"


   Santa Ana was later captured and signed a treaty which formally gave Texas her independence. The battle had lasted 18 minutes, possibly one of the shortest consequential battle in Western history.

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